The DNA testing was first developed in 1985 by Sir Alec Jefferys, and since that time there have been leaps and bounds as far as what DNA technology can do in 2019. It is a very popular method of research and discovery.
Some of DNA testing’s most common uses are for catching criminals, exonerating innocent people and determining paternity.
There have been great strides for health sciences with new and innovative DNA technology being made available. We’ve come quite a ways from being able to determine genetic disorders in utero. Currently, there are great breakthroughs in DNA storage.
Nature is very efficient and a master of storing genetic information, but now we have figured out how to use synthetic DNA strands to store a massive amount of data, an exabyte is a few grams. That’s one quintillion bytes per few grams.
There have also been leaps in DNA folding, that has an impact on the way diseases behave, DNA microscopy, which can imprint physical images onto DNA, and so much more.
Learn More: Reasons Why You Need To Test Your Genetic DNA
The world would be a whole lot different if it weren’t for agriculture. It is the source of our food production. Someone has to plant the rice, corn, grains, avocados, walnuts, tomatoes, beans and so very much more.
But those of us who don’t grow food, may not know just how much goes into bringing a seed to harvest successfully. There are pests, plant diseases, irrigation and soil woes that are a big part of agriculture.
DNA technology is making it easier to edit the genome sequence of plants, fruits, and vegetables to make them easier to take from seed to harvest. Some call them GMOs, GEOs and designer plants. Often the plants are injected with genes from the same plant species, but they can also be injected with genes from any source.
There are also significant advances in the gene editing of livestock. Viral diseases in livestock not only endanger the food supply, but it also means less income for farmers.
It can also have a ripple effect on the ecosystem when contaminated carcasses or feces go into the soil.
Massive parallel sequencing, or MPS, is changing the way criminal justice systems are working with forensic science to convict criminals. Recently in the Netherlands, a sexual assault defendant who was previously acquitted due to inconclusive DNA evidence was convicted of his crimes when his DNA was examined using MPS instead of the older capillary electrophoresis technology.
MPS is a next-generation DNA technology that is able to provide extremely informative profiles.
In addition to convicting criminals, MPS has great implications for being able to exonerate wrongfully convicted persons.
Additional Reading: Criminal Justice System Reform in America
There is no mistaking that DNA technology, although it is fairly young, has implications that can change the way we live, interact and heal. It is changing the way we go through pregnancy, the way we treat cancer, the food we eat, how we catch criminals and more.
DNA technology will undoubtedly continue to advance, and the future looks very promising.