The DNA testing was first developed in 1985 by Sir Alec Jefferys, and since that time there have been leaps and bounds as far as what DNA technology can do in 2020. It is a very popular method of research and discovery.
Some of DNA testing’s most common uses are for catching criminals, exonerating innocent people and determining paternity.
There have been great strides for health sciences with new and innovative DNA technology being made available. We’ve come quite a ways from being able to determine genetic disorders in utero. Currently, there are great breakthroughs in DNA storage.
Nature is very efficient and a master of storing genetic information, but now we have figured out how to use synthetic DNA strands to store a massive amount of data, an exabyte is a few grams. That’s one quintillion bytes per few grams.
There have also been leaps in DNA folding, that has an impact on the way diseases behave, DNA microscopy, which can imprint physical images onto DNA, and so much more.
The world would be a whole lot different if it weren’t for agriculture. It is the source of our food production. Someone has to plant the rice, corn, grains, avocados, walnuts, tomatoes, beans and so very much more.
But those of us who don’t grow food, may not know just how much goes into bringing a seed to harvest successfully. There are pests, plant diseases, irrigation and soil woes that are a big part of agriculture.
DNA technology is making it easier to edit the genome sequence of plants, fruits, and vegetables to make them easier to take from seed to harvest. Some call them GMOs, GEOs and designer plants. Often the plants are injected with genes from the same plant species, but they can also be injected with genes from any source.
There are also significant advances in the gene editing of livestock. Viral diseases in livestock not only endanger the food supply, but it also means less income for farmers.
It can also have a ripple effect on the ecosystem when contaminated carcasses or feces go into the soil.
Massive parallel sequencing, or MPS, is changing the way criminal justice systems are working with forensic science to convict criminals. Recently in the Netherlands, a sexual assault defendant who was previously acquitted due to inconclusive DNA evidence was convicted of his crimes when his DNA was examined using MPS instead of the older capillary electrophoresis technology.
MPS is a next-generation DNA technology that is able to provide extremely informative profiles.
In addition to convicting criminals, MPS has great implications for being able to exonerate wrongfully convicted persons.
Additional Reading: Criminal Justice System Reform in America
Personal DNA-Testing – Learning More About Yourself
In a nutshell, clinically accepted DNA-testing companies will analyse your DNA for you. Kits that you order from these companies usually require you to swab the inside of your mouth for saliva.
This means no painful needles or other methods for retrieving blood samples. You then send this saliva sample back to the companies and wait a number of weeks for your results.
It is a painless, easy process.
Then the real beauty begins. These tests show you your entire genetic inheritance and can give you a glimpse into how far your special DNA has come through time.
If you have a few moments, I’d like to share with you a few amazing reasons for buying a DNA-testing kit today.
Who Are You?
One of the primary reason for testing your DNA is to find out about your ancestors. You can then use this information to trace your historical lineage and ethnicity origins to find out how many cultures and ethnicities you truly belong to.
Most reputable DNA-testing companies use hundreds of thousands DNA “markers” to create an ancestral profile for you.
When you get back your results from the DNA-testing lab, you will also be able to see which historical figures you may be related to. Who wouldn’t want to know if they were related to legendary Irish author James Joyce?
Who wouldn’t find pride in being a distant relative of Harriett Tubman or Nelson Mandela?
Admittedly, the chances of being related to world-famous iconic historical figures are slim. However, you will be able to see your historical relatives and where they grew up all around the world. Such as discovering you have a distant uncle who was born and raised in Italy.
While it’s truly remarkable to discover, once and for all, your lineage history and thoroughly study your actual family tree (as opposed to relying on your close family’s memories), there’s an even more important reason for taking DNA tests.
DNA health testing kits analyse your blood and can inform you about any health-related heart conditions (such as coronary artery disease, hypertension, your cardiovascular health, etc.) you may not have previously been aware of.
Genetic testing tells you exactly how healthy you are (or are not), and shows you what you can do to build a healthier lifestyle for yourself.
There is no mistaking that DNA technology, although it is fairly young, has implications that can change the way we live, interact and heal. It is changing the way we go through pregnancy, the way we treat cancer, the food we eat, how we catch criminals and more.
DNA technology will undoubtedly continue to advance, and the future looks very promising.