Until the last century, women often gave birth to a large number of children, and they were often dying in the process of delivery. Nobody cared to restrict the birth of additional children as food was in abundance, and life was simpler; requiring only a modest income to live “well”.
Through the years researchers fave found ways and means to bring down the rate of population increase and educate the general masses regarding the benefits of population control.
Now, unwanted pregnancy can be prevented in many ways. Birth control devices in vogue are latex condoms, birth control pills, diaphragm, birth control patch, vaginal ring, hormonal injections, copper IUD’s and Hormonal IUD ’s.
The most popular ones are latex condoms and birth control pills, as they are the easiest to use to prevent unwanted pregnancies. However, contraception rate is not 100% with any of these devices.
The first birth control pill, Enovid, was ready for use in the year 1950.
Contraceptive pills have became very popular in the last six decades, since they are “pregnancy proof” for up to 99% if taken as advised by your doctor or trained educators of birth control.
Birth control pills like unwanted 72 pills do not provide safety from sexually transmitted diseases, but condoms can prevent any disease caused due to oral or penetrative sexual intercourse.
Unwanted side effects may be experienced by most of the birth control options, but birth control pills are dangerous to some extent if not used as per the rulebook.
Pregnancy pills (aka birth control pill)s have been used for more than five decades successfully and use hormones to ensure contraception. Birth control pills may contain the time-tested progestin, which is very popular. Nowadays another contraceptive pill is also available containing progestin and estrogen, which are again preferred by a section of women seeking contraception.
The mechanism of both these types of birth control pills is two-pronged. First, they prevent women from ovulating (stopping the release of eggs from the ovary), and second, they cause the cervical mucus to thicken.
This prevents the sperms of males to penetrate and fertilize the ova if the woman is ovulating at that time. Birth control pills imitate the body’s response to pregnancy.
A make belief situation is produced where your body feels you are pregnant and thus stops ovulating, and the cervical mucus thickens preventing the entrance of anything into your uterus.
Three main combinations of birth control pills are monophasic, biphasic and triphasic. In India, “Saheli” is a non-hormonal weekly birth control pill for women with efficacy and safety, is available.
Keep reading below to learn more about the long-term effects and safety of birth control pills!
Safety of Birth Control Pills
You should always inform your doctor about the medications you are already taking, along with any disease you are suffering from or have suffered in the past. This will help the doctor advise you the best contraception you can use, taking into account your medical history.
If you have been advised progestin pills for avoiding pregnancy, you have a chance of having lesser side effects than progestin and estrogen together. Both have side effects which may be compounded, and their combination can put you in agony, and force you to require medical intervention immediately.
Birth Control Pill Failures
Pregnancy may be averted in 99% of all cases if females take their birth control pills every day and at the same time. Many females fail in this aspect.
As per statistical analysis worldwide, as much as 9% failure rate is recorded. This means out of every 100 females who use only birth control pills for contraception, 9 become pregnant every year due to their fault.
When a female is pursuing a busy and hectic life, it becomes next to impossible to take the pills every day at the same time. It is not possible for any other person to remind them to take their medication on time, leading to human error.
As per reports, there is a three-hour window (grace period), within which the female has to take the pills. For females who take a combination birth control pill (progestin and estrogen), they have one day window (grace period).
If they miss a dose on day 1, they can take 2 tablets the second day without reducing birth control effects.
Popular Oral Contraceptive Pills for Regular Use Available in India
Many brands of oral contraceptive pills for regular use to prevent pregnancy are available in India, which is convenient to use. Prior consultation with a doctor is absolutely necessary to get the most suitable pill prescription taking into account your health condition.
Check out a few specific birth control pills and how they work:
- Rasmin– A good combination of estradiol and drospirenone which prevents pregnancy and cures irregular periods. This pill treats ovarian cysts too.
- Ovral– A combination of progestin and estrogen that prevents the liberation of ova from the ovaries thus avoiding pregnancy.
- Bandhan– This is another popular birth control pill containing Levonorgestrel. This pill inhibits the fertilization of ova by the sperm and interferes with the lining of the uterus, inhibiting the implantation process.
- Duoluton L– This popular pregnancy pill also contains levonorgestrel and safeguards you from conceiving.
- Choice– An inexpensive and easily available pregnancy pill containing levonorgestrel, which prevents pregnancy
- Deviry– Containing me doxy progesterone, a derivative of progesterone. This pill shields you against pregnancy and also treats menstrual problems and breast cancer.
- MT Pill– Contains Mifepristone which is a synthetic steroid, interfering with the hormones for the pregnancy to continue.
- Centron– Containing ormeloxifene which is a derivative of estrogen, preventing pregnancy and to treat dysfunctional uterine bleeding.
Morning-After Pill vs Birth Control Pills
If you are not using birth control pills regularly and are hoping to avoid pregnancy, the consequences for a sudden round of unplanned sex may be nightmarish.
Over the counter emergency contraceptive pills (also called morning-after pills or day after pills) are a way to remain discrete and avoid pregnancy.
The Unwanted 72 pill, which contains the progestin hormone, has the generic drug name-LEVONORGESTREL and it is the medication of choice as an emergency contraceptive tablet.
This is a single drug, single dose tablet, to be used only in an emergency. Unwanted 72 (1.5 mg) is effective if taken at the earliest point, approximately between 12 to 72 hours of having unprotected sex.
Levonorgestrel works by blocking the Luteinizing hormone which affects the ovaries, and follicular stimulating hormone triggering ovulation. It takes 72 hours for a pregnancy to take place, which is thwarted by the presence of the hormone levonorgestrel in the body.
However, this tablet will work before gestation takes place.
Main Features of Levonorgestrel (Unwanted 72 Dosage ) Pill Are:
- This drug remains in the human body for a week
- If you are planning a pregnancy or already pregnant, you should not take this pill. You should take this pill only if you are sure you do not want to become pregnant.
- Unwanted 72 pills are completely absorbed on ingestion and reach its peak level within 1.5 to 2 hours only.
- Breastfeeding women may take this medication after the doctor evaluates the risks to benefit ratio.
- This drug is not habit-forming.
- This medicine should not be taken by females below 17 years.
- Get a pregnancy test checkup done 3 weeks after taking this pill.
Emergency Contraceptive Pills (Morning After Pills) Available in India
The following popular brands of emergency contraceptive pills are available in India
- Unwanted 72
- Truston 2
- T-Pill -72
Dangers of Birth Control Pills – Long Term Side Effects
- Difficulty Breathing
- Selling of the Face, Lips Eye-lids, Tongue, Hands, and Feet
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Fatigue, Unusual Tiredness, Weakness
- Breast Pain & Breast Tenderness
- Chest Pain and Angina
- Skin Allergies
- Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
- Severe Abdominal Pain
- Spotting or Bleeding Between Periods
- Change in Libido and Sexual Desire
- Blood Clot Formation
- Migraine Headaches
- Vein Inflammation
- Uncontrolled High Blood Pressure
- Serious Heart Problems
- Liver Tumor
- Fluid Retention and Edema
- Intracranial Hypertension
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Tubal Pregnancy
- Alcohol-Associated Problems
- Retinal Thrombosis
- Jaw Pain
- Achy Soreness in Your Legs
- Sudden Unbearable Headaches
- Aura (seeing flashy zigzag lines)
For women who are sexually active and have just experienced menopause (in their 50’s), contraceptive pills should be continued for at least 12 months as a precaution, from the last date of menstrual bleeding, to prevent pregnancy.
Although a plethora of pregnancy pills are available, medical advice should be taken from a doctor or health care provider to get the right medicinal pill for you as buying oral contraceptive pills over the counter may endanger your health.