When you are near someone who is having a heart attack, the first thing you are supposed to do is to call 911. After calling the emergency services, you will still have a few minutes to carry out first aid and CPR on the victim.
It should be easier when you already have BLS certification online. Read this guide to know how you can help someone who is having a heart attack.
What are the Signs of a Heart Attack?
A heart attack occurs when there is a blockage of the supply of blood to your heart. The heart muscle will be starved of oxygen and there are a number of symptoms which will be observed. Common symptoms include;
- Heart attack
- Shortness of the breath
- Feeling dizzy
- Pain on the Chest
Most of the people will ignore the signs of a heart attack. If you are near someone who is displaying the above signs, the best thing you can do is to call 911 immediately.
What to Do When the Victim is Still Awake and Responsive
After you have called 911, here are some ways you can help the heart attack victim who is still awake and responsive.
- If the person is allowed to take aspirin, give them baby aspirin or adult aspirin when the baby aspirin is not there. The main reason why baby aspirin is preferred is that does not form a coating contained in the adult aspirin meaning it will be absorbed quickly as compared to the adult aspirin.
- Most people who have a history of heart problems will always carry nitroglycerin tablets with them. You can help the person to take the nitroglycerin tablets and avoid touching them since they get absorbed into the bloodstream easily.
- Avoid giving the person any food or water.
- Have a list of the medications and their dosages
- Make sure you keep the person comfortable and offer words of encouragement. Show through your actions that you are doing all you can to save their life.
What to Do When the Person Loses Consciousness
When you see the victim breathing normally, it means the heart is still working. You can carry out a number of first aid procedures to help the victim when they have lost consciousness.
- Place the person on an open ground if possible
- Roll the individual to their side and clear the airway of the victim by making sure the head is relaxed and in an erect position. It will prevent cases of choking since the saliva will drain easily from the mouth.
What to Do When a Person Loses a Pulse
You do not necessarily have to be an expert in taking the pulse of the patient for you to know a person is experiencing a cardiac arrest. A person who is unconscious will look dead meaning that their heart is not beating.
Even when a person does not have a heartbeat, they will still experience an intermittent form of breathing which indicates there is trouble with the victim. When the heart stops beating, make sure you follow appropriate CPR procedures.
Performing Bystander CPR
It is no different from the traditional CPR and the person offering it may or may not have the formal training on CPR.
When a person has a cardiac arrest, carrying out the chest compressions means the individual will leave the hospital with the brain and the heart intact.
How to Perform Chest Compressions?
- Find the best place to carry out the compressions. It can be at the center of the chest line or nipple line. Place your hand over the chest and push it hard and fast.
- Carry out about 100-120 compressions in one minute.
- Avoid fear when carrying out the compressions. Remember you are saving a life.
Most public places have the external defibrillators which are used to deliver an electric shock to restore the regular heart rhythm.
When you immediately turn on the device, follow all the instructions provided to operate it. Make sure you use the machine with confidence since it can save a life.
Getting a BLS certification online will help you gain the necessary first aid skills. Always remember you can save a life with first aid.
Mike Haynes is a Fitness & Nutritionist Who Believes in Living a healthy Lifestyle.He Loves to write about Fitness & Nutrition.
He is also a expert advisor of Medical billing company which is dedicated to provide accurate billing of patients,daily fitness tips, detailed fitness guides & fitness gear reviews.